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Coffee Business Startup Guide

 

Coffee Facts

Did you know? Only about 20% of harvested coffee beans are considered to be a premium bean of the highest quality.

 

  • Coffee, as a world commodity, is second only to oil.
  • Coffee sacks are usually made of hemp and weigh approximately 60 kilogram when they are full of green coffee beans. It takes over 600,000 beans to fill a coffee sack.

Coffee brewing requires a balance of:

  • Correct grinding of the coffee blend
  • The coffee blend used
  • The espresso machine used
  • The skill of the barista.
  • There are 6,000+ species of the coffee plant split into 25 major types
  • Two species dominate commercial production: Arabica (Coffee Arabica) and Robusta (Coffee Canephora)
  • World coffee production is split 60% Arabica and 40% Robusta

Interesting Coffee Facts & Coffee Trivia

  • In 1670, Dorothy Jones of Boston was granted a license to sell coffee, and so became the first American coffee trader.

  • Arabica is a large delicate bush that grows at elevations of 600-2000 meters above sea level in Latin America, Central and East Africa, Asia and Oceania

  • Because Arabica is difficult to grow, the beans are more expensive than
    Robusta beans

  • Arabica can be drunk pure or in blends with Robusta where it contributes acidity and body to the blend

  • Robusta is a hardier bush or tree that grows from sea level to 800 meters and is grown in West and Central Africa, South East Asia and South America

  • Robusta is more strongly flavored than Arabica and gives blends body and "kick"

  • The person who actually makes the coffee in a cafĂ© or restaurant is called a "barista"

  • Proper coffee making requires the barista to make very precise measures of coffee amounts, water temperatures and pressures, and brewing times (e.g.
    22-28 seconds)